A new generation of TVs has just arrived, delivering spectacular brightness and the truest colors. It’s hard to believe our eyes. But how does MicroLED technology work? In this guide, we’ll help you know what is MicroLED TV, and how it is different from existing MiniLED TVs.
The race to provide movie and TV lovers with the highest picture quality has entered a new phase with the arrival of the first MicroLED TVs. This new technology combines to some extent the best aspects of OLED and LED LCD, providing the absolute black of the former with the extraordinary brightness of the latter. This is why it is already seen as the next possible revolution in imaging technology.
But what is MicroLED and how does it work? What improvements does it bring? What are the differences between MicroLED and MiniLED? Is MicroLED cheaper than OLED? Let’s try to solve these and other doubts.
What is MicroLED technology?
MicroLED technology uses thousands and thousands of tiny RGB (red, green and blue) diodes capable of generating their own color and also emitting their own light when representing images on the screen. Each of these diodes can measure up to 100 micrometers, which means they are much smaller than a grain of sand. It is therefore impossible to see them with the naked eye from a normal viewing distance.
These tiny self-illuminating diodes or MicroLED dots are behind each pixel of a TV set and make it possible to manage their light independently, which has a decisive influence on the picture quality.
This means that it is possible to turn them off completely to achieve absolute black or to increase their illumination precisely, achieving starry shots and explosions with a high level of brightness while the night scenes around them are perfectly dark.
This technology provides infinite contrast, similar to OLED, but with improved brightness, because each pixel is formed by inorganic LED diodes versus organic OLED, which emit light independently, but with less intensity.
Right now Samsung is the only company with this technology. Its first MicroLED TV will be 110 inches in size and will be on sale in the coming months.
How does MicroLED differ from OLED?
MicroLED shares with OLED technology its infinite contrast and absolute black. These are its main advances;
- Their brightness is very high as they are based on inorganic LED technology, so they provide an evolved HDR and look better in sunlight.
- They do not have image retention or burn-in problems.
- Their durability is increased as they do not depend on organic components.
- The color reproduction capability is more advanced.
Televisions based on MicroLED technology represent the latest in innovation, so their price will be higher than that of OLEDs, which use more mature processes. Likewise, the supply of MicroLED products will be smaller upfront and will not be a substitute for OLED in the short term.
What is the difference between MicroLED and MiniLED?
A MicroLED display is made up of thousands and thousands of tiny LED diodes that form the image through its self-illuminated pixels, while the MiniLED is the evolution of the LCD LED. The MicroLED in its backlit rear reticle provides hundreds of LED points smaller than in the conventional LED LCD and in greater quantity, which has a direct impact on the final quality of the image.
In addition, as in the LED LCD, the MiniLED is not what is known as an emissive technology. Here are the keys to understanding their differences:
- The MicroLED illuminates each of its pixels independently rather than grouping the light source by distinct areas, so light leakage is not possible.
- The MicroLED is able to selectively turn off pixels to achieve a purer black.
- MicroLED TVs have outstanding color reproduction capability, which avoids problems such as dithering and color banding.
- MicroLED technology boasts ultra-precise dimming. Samsung says it can generate up to 4,096 light levels to portray a more natural and realistic image.
- MicroLED displays are relatively simple in that they do not have many layers, allowing for thinner and lighter TVs.
- Thus, MiniLED technology can be considered the stepping stone to the high-end of today’s LED TVs. This is an advance over the conventional LED LCD, which generated images of poorer quality.